Category Archives: Computer And Techology

The Must-Have Tech of 2017

“He’s funny when he gets annoyed,” my daughter said.

“He threw a tantrum!” my son claimed after winning a game of quick tap.

If you listen to my kids talk, you’d think they were talking about a friend or a pet.

The thing is, what they are talking about is one of the biggest and hottest trends in electronics… one that is about to become a big deal for stock market investors.

You see, my kids are talking about Cozmo, the little robot I managed to get them for Christmas.

Anki, the company that makes Cozmo, sold out of the robot before Christmas. It’s back in stock now, and my sources say that Cozmo continues to sell well even after the Christmas rush.

Cozmo has fascinated my kids since Christmas morning. They speak to it as if it were a real person, and they love the few games and skills that Cozmo comes ready to play.

But this is only the beginning for robots.

The Hot Item at CES

You’re going to hear a lot more about robots. The Consumer Electronics Show – or more commonly known as CES – is going on in Las Vegas.

In fact, robots are such a big deal at CES 2017 that all of Friday’s show is dedicated to these amazing machines.

You should keep up with what’s happening with robots because they are a critical component of the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution.

According to an IDC research report released yesterday, the IoT revolution is going to generate $1.7 trillion in economic value by 2020. In fact, last year was the biggest year for robot startups, with $1.95 billion spent on 128 companies.

As an investor, it’s critical for you to track new, cutting-edge robotics products like Cozmo because I believe many of the companies making these machines will go public in 2017, leading to incredible profits from their shares.

One company that I’ve mentioned – Impinj, a maker of IoT sensors used in retail – had its initial public offering (IPO) on July 21 at $14 a share. The shares hit a post-IPO high of $41.91 recently, resulting in early investors raking in nearly 200% in about five months. Those are phenomenal gains in a few months that most investors never make in a lifetime!

Nutanix, another IoT IPO on September 30, priced at $16. The stock soared to a high of $46.78 in two days, delivering an unbelievable gain of 193%. Stunning gains for any investor!

The Must-Have Assistant

I believe these kinds of gains are just the tip of the iceberg for what’s coming in 2017. I’ve already told you to look for Anki, the maker of Cozmo, when it finally goes public.

Another robot company to watch for is Mayfield Robotics.

Mayfield makes Kuri, another consumer-friendly robot that’s featured at CES 2017.

This robot wanders around your home, acting as your personal assistant. Kuri can answer questions as well as monitor your pets, children or aged parents. It can help monitor your house and do things for you that would currently require a PC, smartphone or tablet using services such as Google, Skype, etc.

The key to Kuri’s adoption as a household robot is that it offers convenience and a new benefit – the ability to monitor people, pets and things you value when you’re not home.

Mayfield is selling Kuri for $699.

Profit From the Revolution

Now, Kuri and Cozmo are likely to be successes and could launch the companies that make them significantly higher once they start trading on the stock exchanges.

But the really massive robot opportunity in the IoT mega trend is in the use of machines in industry and business. That’s where I believe you’re going to find the Google-type winners in the stock market. Google has soared more than 1,500% since its IPO in 2004.

And in time, some of these IPOs will generate even bigger gains – like Cisco’s gain of 40,000% during the last tech boom.

You can capture some of the gains from the IoT robot opportunity by buying a specialty exchange-traded fund (ETF), such as the Renaissance IPO ETF (NYSE Arca: IPO), or a focused ETF, such as the Robo Global Robotics & Automation ETF (Nasdaq: ROBO).

An Overview of Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting services are services provided on virtual servers to the websites that they pull computing resources from physical web servers underlying networks. It follows the computing model of utility available as a service than a product and is comparable with gas and electricity, the traditional utilities. The clients can tap into such services depending on the website demands and can pay for what they use.

Cloud hosting has vast servers network and this is mostly pulled in different locations from different data centers. Practical cloud hosting examples are categorized under the (PaaS) Platform as a Service and (Iaas) Infrastructure as Service classifications.

Under IaaS offerings the client is offered virtualized hardware resource so that they can install the software environment they require, before building web application. However, on a PaaS service, the client is provided with software environment, on which they can directly install and develop their web application. Nevertheless, businesses with complex experienced IT professionals and IT infrastructures may opt for more customizable IaaS model, but normally, may prefer the PaaS option that is easy.

Cloud hosting involves using public cloud models and these ensure your data is kept safe and suffices the website installations. Conversely, businesses can turn to cloud hosting if privacy and security is your major concern as they use ring-fenced resourced location on the site.

A typical cloud hosting delivers the following benefits that are the salient features:

· Reliability. It is not hosted on a single physical server; instead the website is on a virtual partition to draw the resources from an extensive underlying network of physical servers for its disk space. If a server is offline, the resource level obtainable to the cloud may be very scarce, but will show no effect on the website whose server pursues pulling resources from the balance network of servers. In fact, the cloud platforms survive and keep the entire data center moving, owing to pooled cloud resource that is drawn from various data centers in varying locations.

· Physical Security. The physical underlying servers are housed within data centers and thus benefit with security measures that the facilities implement to safeguard people from disrupting or accessing them on site.

· Flexibility and Scalability. The resource is available on demand in real-time and is not restricted to the server’s physical capacity or constraints. In case, a site of a client demands additional resource from the hosting platform owing to some visitor traffic or new functionality implementation, the resource is seamlessly accessed. Using a private cloud model, means the service is allowed to burst so that resources are accessed from the public for non-sensitive processing if there is on-site activity surge.

The most visible advantages with cloud hosting is that the client pays for only that they use actually and the resource is available anytime in demand, besides there is no wasted capacity left unused. The load balancing is based on the software and thus it can be scalable instantly to react to the changing demands.

Simple Cleaning To Elongate The Life Of Your Tablet Or Device

Anticipation is one thing that carries over from the holiday season. It’s in the air on Christmas Eve and lingers into the New Year. As the last notes of Old Lang Synge fade away, we take down the Christmas decorations and gear up for life after January 1st. The holidays may have come and gone, but there’s still fun to be had; especially if you got a hot new tech device over the holidays.

A Tale Worthy of a Belated Christmas Present

If your family’s anything like mine, the minute there’s a new trendy toy to play with, everybody wants to try it out. My mom got a new laptop this Christmas. Like clockwork, the device made the rounds at our festive gatherings over the last week. Did I mention I have five nieces?

Fast forward to New Year’s Day, and my mother’s once pristine laptop is full of:

· Sticky spots

· Smudges

· Dirt

· Fingerprints

The screen looks passable when it’s backlit, but as soon as the power goes off, you can see the evidence of all the grubby-fingered borrowers swathed across the screen. In an effort to restore the laptop’s original glow, I went online to find a solution. I got more than I bargained for.

A Lesson in Post-Holiday Tech Accessories

After a little research I began looking for an all-inclusive cleaning product. The funny thing is people always ask for the latest iPod, iPad, laptop, or smartphone, but very few recipients think to ask for practical accessories to go with them. I looked at:

· Solutions

· Cloths

· Static clings

· Aerosol sprays

Nothing quite had the ease and portability that fit my mom’s on-the-go lifestyle. It was then that I remembered seeing sticky screen wipes at a conference I’d attended several months before. To my relief, I found several companies that offer a full line of screen cleaning products.

They market currently supplies quality:

· Sticky clean stickers

· Microfiber cloths

· Sticky screen wipes

These silicone and microfiber products are the gift that keeps on giving. The silicone adhesion is residue-free and the microfiber square removes debris, is washable, and reusable. I got my mom the travel microfiber cloths so she always has them on hand wherever she goes.

Best of all, the products and packaging (where applicable) are customizable when you order in bulk. Not only did my mom get the scratch-free pristine clean she needed, she also discovered a unique way to advertise her small business.

Influence of Tablets on Our Kids

“Technology”- Heard the word? Well, if not them pardon me but you are living still in the previous age. Technology has made what we are today. The comforts that we are able to have now are all because of technology. This has made us much more advanced than we had been earlier.

The most impact that has been seen is in the children. There are the most affected from this technology. There have been both positive and negative effects, but the positive effects have out ruled the negative ones.

Nowadays the children are exposed to phones and tablets right from their births (quite literally). So, on an average, you will find yourself to be less smart than the little one, in terms of using the gadgets. While we may take months to learn gadgets they only require a couple of minutes. So, their intelligence has been decided to be utilized in a far more organized way through several tablet companies.

Companies are coming out with new concepts so that kids only benefit from using tablets and the parents can be sure that their child is up to no mischief. Tablets are now coming with learning enabled moods so that the child can learn while they play.

What has been included?

Tablets include several games which are specifically designed for the children. They help in imparting education. Certain apps are there which help kids identify the alphabets, animals, fruits. They teach how to write. Certain applications are also there which displays stories and rhymes.

Advantages of using tablets-

• Imparts methodical studying
• Enhances learning of the kids
• Learning is available according to age
• Memory and reproducing what they have learned becomes better
• Games teach them to overcome difficulty with intelligence
• The level of difficulty increases their ability of problem-solving
• The children becomes more interactive

Why should parents allow their kids use tablets?

Tablets come with parental settings. The parents can control the activities of the children on the tabs. They can keep a watch on their progress, per day usage and many more things. What is better is with tablets parenting becomes much easy. Especially the working parents would have much less to worry as their children would be learning the right things according to their age. Thus, this ensures that tablets are safe and allowing your little child to use tablet can be advantageous both for you as a parent and your child.

Finding the Right IT Support Company for Your Business

It can be a daunting task trying to find the best IT support a company has to offer and the right IT support services for your needs. There are so many factors to take into account, and it can often feel like navigating a minefield.

The truth is that if you want your business to operate at its peak potential, it’s a minefield you must conquer. One of the key factors in running a successful business, and optimising your activities and processes, is finding the right IT support company.

Here’s a rundown of the process of choosing, and the essential steps to getting it right.

Step 1: Assess your requirements in terms of IT infrastructure

This can be quite an involved process, but it’s pivotal that you get it right! Assess your current IT requirements and identify what you need right now, and what you’re going to need moving forward.

Step 2: Do some research

Make a list of prospective IT support companies and do some research. Be sure to get several references and, if you can, speak to someone at a company they’re currently servicing. Check out their customer reviews and client testimonials -They should have dedicated sections on their website where you can freely view these. Google the company and see if they have a Google business account – this includes reviews!

Step 3: Get in touch

Once you are crystal clear on what you need (now and looking ahead) and you have your list of possible companies, get in touch with them and tell them your requirements. Ask for an obligation-free estimate. Gather responses, and see what they come back to you with. Don’t be afraid to meet them in person and discuss your needs. Think of it like any other interview – if you were hiring a new assistant or manager, you wouldn’t rely on email or even phone calls, you’d interview the candidates in person. You need to see how you get on, personally, and whether or not you’re compatible enough to form a good business relationship. Get them into your office. While they’re there, assess their attitude and perspectives, bring up a specific issue or two that you’re having, or have had in the past, and see how they react.

Step 4: Read the fine print

A tedious but completely necessary step is to look at the fine print that comes with each of the companies you’ve met with. How good is their confidentiality agreement? What are their terms? How long would you need to give notice if you needed to change to a new company? Are there any ‘hidden’ charges that might apply to you? There are a myriad of small details like this that can sway your final decision. Make a pros and cons list for each company based on their estimates, your experience while meeting them, and the benefits and downsides of working with them.

Step 5: Make a decision

It’s time to be decisive! Making the final decision really comes down to a combination of price comparison, the benefits on offer, and gut instinct. When all else is equal, go with your gut!

Step 6: Choose a person

The work doesn’t stop when you choose a company to work with. It’s your responsibility to keep on top of things, take care of all the basics and liaise with your new support company to ensure you are getting exactly what you need. You should appoint a single person to act as the point of contact between your business and your IT support. One person who always deals with them and knows the workings of your relationship backwards. Any problems, on either side, they deal with them – it will make everything run a lot more smoothly!

Step 7: Start a fault log

This is a simple but often overlooked process. Start a log of all faults in your system. It ensures you have a record if you need it and will aid your new support company in looking after you as best they possibly can.

Digital Transformation and the Healthcare Industry

In the last few years, healthcare has joined other industries in the quest to deliver better customer experience. This has brought about a fundamental change in the healthcare industry and they have now shifted from volume to value of care of patients. The evolution in the cloud, data and mobile technologies has disrupted the health care industry.

The disruption has forced insurance companies and healthcare providers to move from a health system driven model to a customer oriented model. The behavioural needs of the modern customer has also changed and they now demand both control and choice.

Digital transformation is revolutionizing healthcare. It has helped connect and apply data, communication and technology to engage and redefine customer experiences. Most people have a misconception that digital transformation is about automation of jobs, processes and technology but it is much bigger than that.

Digital transformation requires you to rethink all your business processes. It is all about using data and digital technology by putting the needs of the customer at the centre of the business. If you want to succeed in the transformation, you need to look at the entire ecosystem of the company and determine ways to drive more value to the customer.

Optimize Clinical and Operational Effectiveness

Digital technology has helped improve quality and outcome of healthcare services. Consumers are now able to access and analyse information, so that they are able to make informed choices. Innovative solutions are offered to improve quality of care and efficiency of services. The new technology has helped reduce clinical variations.

Operational Analytics

The operations are streamlined and this helps reduce costs. Clinicians and executives are now able to share information and analyse the structured and unstructured data to make informed choices. Structured (electronic medical records) and unstructured (handwritten case notes) data can be brought together to get insights and uncover actionable intelligence.

Clinical Analytics

The quality and outcome of health services are drastically improved by creation of powerful data models. The healthcare professionals can collaborate and share insights in new ways. The accuracy, completeness and consistency of health information is improved by resolving problems that are caused by bad data.

Medical Data Storage

Innovative and new technologies in the healthcare industry is generating more data than before. Digital technology has enabled healthcare providers to store the data and utilize it in the best possible way. The data can be used to optimize patient care and anticipate the emerging health trends.

Technology has helped create a system of engagement with patients. Physicians will be able to get more information about their patients and this can revolutionize the services that are provided to customers. Health professionals can explore and navigate reports faster.

Digital transformation is an ongoing process that puts customer at the centre of healthcare business. It is important to look beyond technology to drive innovation. If the healthcare industry wants to keep pace with digital disruption, it needs to engage with those that it wants to please, its consumers. Failure to engage with the customer can result in the industry operating behind the times.

Why Bots Are The Future Of Marketing

In the beginning (1966), there was ELIZA – she was the first bot of her kind, had roughly 200 lines of code and was extremely smart. But you probably don’t know her. Later, came PARRY who was smarter than ELIZA (and could imitate a paranoid schizophrenic patient). But you probably don’t know PARRY either. Or ALICE (1995) or JABBERWACKY (2005). But you do know Siri! And that right there is brilliant marketing.

The bots have existed for a long time now but they weren’t always popular until Apple. Always one step ahead of its competition, Apple not only introduced the services of a chatbot but also used it to create a unique brand image. It killed two birds with one metaphoric stone known as Siri. There was no going back from there. Siri was/is a household name. She can read stories, predict the weather, give extremely witty answers just like a human would, and in one instance, Siri is also known to have dialed 911 and save a life.

Why marketing with the bots is a good idea

Although in its early days, chatbots are changing the way brands communicate and thereby, market themselves. For starters, individuals are bogged down by a million apps that clutter their digital space. Where apps and websites have failed, the bots are succeeding. It performs relevant functions such as addressing queries, providing customer support, offering suggestions, and moreover secure messaging platforms that are frequented by customers. Facebook’s Messenger with over 800 million users is one such example. If Microsoft’s CEO, Satya Nadella’s words are anything to go by, chatbots are the next big thing.

Chatbots are also replacing traditional marketing methods with personal conversations, laced with subtle upsells. Take Tacobot for instance – Taco Bell’s latest bot. The next time someone wants to order tacos, Tacobot here is going to list out the menu and let the user know if a one-plus-one offer is going on. It will also suggest add-ons like fried beans and salsa. If the user agrees and places an order, the bot has just made an improved sale without resorting to pushy, sales tactics. That’s bot as a customer service for you; a very effective one at that. Another benefit: chatbots are smart cookies. They scan internet cookies and track predictive analytics to provide suggestions based on past searches and purchases. Much of the time, it’s pretty effective.

Today, all major brands have developed chatbots. Amazon has Echo that allows users to order a pizza or buy a pen while Microsoft’s Cortana is always ready to answer queries. Bots have this brilliant quality of being human-like and logical at the same time, less the human complication. That sounds like the perfect relation every brand should have with its customer, and the bot can help you get there. After all, it’s a marketing pro.

Science & Technology

The content standards presented in this chapter outline what students should know, understand, and be able to do in natural science. The content standards are a complete set of outcomes for students; they do not prescribe a curriculum. These standards were designed and developed as one component of the comprehensive vision of science education presented in the National Science Education Standards and will be most effective when used in conjunction with all of the standards described in this book. Furthermore, implementation of the content standards cannot be successful if only a subset of the content standards is used (such as implementing only the subject matter standards for physical, life, and earth science).

The eight categories of content standards are:

1. Unifying concepts and processes in science.

2. Science as inquiry.

3. Physical science.

4. Life science.

5. Earth and space science.

6. Science and technology.

7. Science in personal and social perspectives.

8. History and nature of science.

The standard for unifying concepts and processes is presented for grades K-12, because the understanding and abilities associated with major conceptual and procedural schemes need to be developed over an entire education, and the unifying concepts and processes transcend disciplinary boundaries. The next seven categories are clustered for grades K-4, 5-8, and 9-12. Those clusters were selected based on a combination of factors, including cognitive development theory, the classroom experience of teachers, organization of schools, and the frameworks of other disciplinary-based standards. References for additional reading for all the content standards are presented at the end of Chapter 6.

The sequence of the seven grade-level content standards is not arbitrary: Each standard subsumes the knowledge and skills of other standards. Students’ understandings and abilities are grounded in the experience of inquiry, and inquiry is the foundation for the development of understandings and abilities of the other content standards. The personal and social aspects of science are emphasized increasingly in the progression from science as inquiry standards to the history and nature of science standards. Students need solid knowledge and understanding in physical, life, and earth and space science if they are to apply science.

Multidisciplinary perspectives also increase from the subject-matter standards to the standard on the history and nature of science, providing many opportunities for integrated approaches to science teaching.

1. Unifying Concepts and Processes Standard:

Conceptual and procedural schemes unify science disciplines and provide students with powerful ideas to help them understand the natural world. Because of the underlying principles embodied in this standard, the understandings and abilities described here are repeated in the other content standards. Unifying concepts and processes include:

i. Systems, order, and organization.

ii. Evidence, models, and explanation.

iii. Change, constancy, and measurement.

iv. Evolution and equilibrium.

v. Form and function.

This standard describes some of the integrative schemes that can bring together students’ many experiences in science education across grades K-12. The unifying concepts and processes standard can be the focus of instruction at any grade level but should always be closely linked to outcomes aligned with other content standards.

Early grades, instruction should establish the meaning and use of unifying concepts and processes-for example, what it means to measure and how to use measurement tools. At the upper grades, the standard should facilitate and enhance the learning of scientific concepts and principles by providing students with a big picture of scientific ideas-for example, how measurement is important in all scientific endeavors.

2. Science as Inquiry Standards:

In the vision presented by the Standards, inquiry is a step beyond ”science as a process,” in which students learn skills, such as observation, inference, and experimentation. The new vision includes the “processes of science” and requires that students combine processes and scientific knowledge as they use scientific reasoning and critical thinking to develop their understanding of science. Engaging students in inquiry helps students develop

i. Understanding of scientific concepts.
ii. An appreciation of “how we know” what we know in science.
iii. Understanding of the nature of science.
iv. Skills necessary to become independent inquirers about the natural world.
v. The dispositions to use the skills, abilities, and attitudes associated with science.

Medical Device Innovations: From Sci-Fi Movies to the Real World

Star Trek Tricorder
The handheld medical device used in the popular Star Trek Enterprise might soon become a reality. With Qualcomm having began a contest to see if anyone can create a working tricorder (that weighs less than 5 pounds and fits in the palm!), the healthcare industry might be able to benefit from this great innovation. With the ability to diagnose different conditions (ranging from anemia, diabetes, pneumonia, sleep apnea, and chronic diseases amongst others) and monitor vital signs (like blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and respiratory rate) of patients, the tricorder can be used by patients in the comforts of their homes, without having to visit the doctor.

Ender’s Game Robotic Medical Assistant
While Ender’s Game featured a surgical robot performing brain surgery, robotic medical assistants majorly enable safe patient lifting, reducing incidents of workplace injuries, and hence improved clinician staff retention and satisfaction as well as patient satisfaction. These assistants are highly mobile, can move in any direction, and seamlessly operate in confined spaces. They can either work side by side with a trained nurse with the ability to perform simple tasks like monitoring vital signs or delivering medicine. Some robotic nurses serve as interfaces for doctors to use over distances to communicate with patients, and can be supervised by a remotely located nurse, enabling remotely located clinical experts to monitor, diagnose and treat patients in real-time

Mission Impossible Augmented Reality Contact Lens
Google Glass may soon become passé, as augmented reality contact lenses are here. If you’ve ever dreamed of neon interfaces float in front of you and information projected into your eyes (and not on screens), your dream might soon become reality – like showcased in Mission Impossible. With a futuristic vision, device manufacturers are working on developing lenses that will read the light from projectors fitted to glasses. Consisting of a small display, a camera, an RF antenna and sensors, these lenses will detect eye movement, and give patients the ability to control certain inputs just by blinking. These specialized lenses will help users focus on both close and faraway objects. What’s more, advanced AR lenses will also measure blood glucose from tears, and will transform the treatment and management of diabetes.

The Next Black Smart Garment
Move on smart wearables, as smart garments are soon going to become hugely popular. Documentary film The Next Black showcases smart garments (fibretronics) with microchips implanted into them. From socks and sleeves, to shirts and shorts – these smart garments have the ability to react to body temperature, track heart rate, monitor emotions and other vital signs (or even the mood of the wearer) and can be used by doctors in novel ways – without having to grab a phone or tap a screen. By decoupling the touch interface from the digital device, smart garments incorporate sensors that enable simple monitoring, and send the captured data through a wireless signal to the wearer’s mobile device.

The Fifth Element 3D Bio-printer
When makers of The Fifth Element showcased 3D bio-printing, little did they know the concept would someday become a reality! Imagine the level of innovation at which technology has now reached – while 3D printing is being popularly used to create objects, the technology is now being exploited in the medical field. 3D bioprinters are being used to build human tissues (and even organs), for the purpose of research as well as transplantation. Using computed tomography and MRI, bioprinters take a layer-by-layer approach and reconstruct cells and tissues which are then fed with oxygen and nutrients to keep them alive.

The Impact of Technology on Globalization

The effects of technology breakthroughs on globalization are creating immense transformations in the way corporations and industries organize their production, trade goods, invest capital, and develop new products, services, and processes. Specifically, advances in information technology and information systems have become a key component in the most U.S. industries global business strategies with the capability to communicate and process information in a digital form.

Any successful global business is going to have exceptional information technology and information systems to enable the world, and their company, to be more interconnected. This technology includes computers, mobile phones, hardware, software, and artificial intelligence. They provide the means to access information systems of other countries to easily communicate while also increasing a business’ ability to collect data and pursue their economic potential. With the introduction of the Internet and Internet-based tools, the way people share information and communicate globally has been easier than ever which is helping to fuel globalization. Therefore, hardware and software have been playing an important role in globalization by connecting people and systems across the globe. With the rise of artificial intelligence, there are computer systems that can perform tasks that would normally need human intelligence. This includes visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. With these skills implanted into a computer system, it is easy to continue expansion overseas in a variety of different ways. A computer system that has visual perception, speech recognition, and decision-making skills help companies save time and money by expanding without the use and training of more employees. This makes it easier to develop business in other countries because there is less human error, fewer language barriers, and the system is set up to handle specific inquires relating to the location by systematic forward planning of strategy and task analysis. While these functions are beneficial, translation between languages can be especially helpful when a company’s global strategy includes business in a different part of the world that does speaks a different language. These information technologies “permit instantaneous communication among the far-flung operations of global enterprises (Stever, Muroyama 2017).”

When a corporation or industry is in the global business sector, quick and reliable communication is key to running a business overseas. Due to the influx of new information technology, devices such as cell phones, networks, and personal computers have had a profound affect on the advancement of globalization. These advances have allowed companies to communicate more frequently and in more ways than ever before, making global business a much more accessible goal without having to worry about distance, time, or location. Instant messaging, email, and calling on mobile phones allow employees to reach one another across time zones and continents to conduct business efficiently and effectively. Computer networks allow global companies to provide universal, immediate services whenever necessary. An example of this would be when a customer submits a request that is then transferred across the globe. This is done without the customer’s awareness that the work for their case is being done on the other side of the world due to the efficiency of this system. Due to advancing information technology and systems, time and distance independence is an achievable goal for any global business.

According to the published work The Globalization of Information Technology in Multinational Corporations from the Information Management Journal, the goal of information technology is:

“To create globally integrated information infrastructures that electronically link their entire supply chains — their sales, production, and delivery processes — into one seamless flow of information across national borders and time zones, with both real-time and store-and-forward access to information from any location (Stephens 1999)”.

Advanced information technology and systems lead to globalization, which, in turn, produce a more competitive global business. For many companies to maintain a competitive edge in the global business markets it is essential for these businesses to integrate their information systems and technology infrastructures on an international basis. Information technology and information systems are the driving force of globalization and will continue connecting people and businesses to provide products and services to customers around the world.